Researchers are performing clinical trials to assess the ability of drugs or procedures to treat GA. Trials can be categorized by the way a drug is administered to or taken by patients:
Oral – typically in the form of a pill and can be taken at home. Both eyes receive treatment.
Intravitreal injection or implants – these drugs require an injection directly into your eye. In most clinical trials, only one eye is treated.
Intravenous – injected directly into your arm. These drugs usually require more frequent administration and take place at a designated center.
Eye drops – eyedrops can be administered at home. It may be challenging to administer the drops properly.
Cell therapy – cells can be injected in your eye in a complex surgical procedure, in the hope that the cells will help slow vision loss.
Gene therapy – DNA can be injected in your eye, in the hope of slowing vision loss.